Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria: Poultry farming is the form of farming that raises domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, and turkeys to produce meat or eggs for food Poultry. The majority of the chickens are farmed in great numbers.
Poultry farming is one of the fast-growing and most profitable agri-business in Nigeria. Additionally, the poultry business is the best idea for those who want to pursue a successful agri-business career in Nigeria. Poultry farming could be defined as raising different types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs, and feather production.
In Nigeria today, poultry farming is one of the most lucrative forms of farming. The start-up cost is dependent on the angle of poultry farming you want to venture into. It is not capital intensive especially if you start it close to the festive season when chicken meat will be in high demand.
Commercial poultry feeding is a highly perfected phenomenon that ensures a max intake of energy and resources for growth and healthy production.
Well-balanced diet sources produce a maximum amount of muscle, organ, skin, and feather growth. By research, the poultry farm business has turned many Nigerians into millionaires.
Starting out in a poultry farming business is not that expensive. You do not need much capital. However, you just need basic capital to start raising poultry. Besides, most poultry birds are not expensive to start raising.
Also, Poultry farming does not need a big space to start unless you are going to start commercially. You can just raise some birds in your own backyard with one or multiple cages. So, if you are really interested in starting poultry farming, then you can simply do it in your own backyard with several birds.
Fortunately, the commercial poultry farming business guarantees a high return on investment within a very short period of time.
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Not too many poultry birds such as broiler chickens take a shorter duration of time to mature and generate profit. Poultry products are not much expensive. It is relatively cheap and can be afforded by many people.
Steps To Starting a Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria
Before starting a poultry farm business, you would need to consider a few vital steps:
The land is an important factor in starting a poultry farm. It is more cost-reducing for people who already have landed either self-owned or by inheritance. You may also need to lease land if you do not have one.
After getting land, you must construct housing for the birds. Since the rearing system has different types, the housing style would be determined by the rearing type adopted. The cheapest housing style is the free-range system where there is no definite building and the birds are allowed to roam around in the compound. You can also employ bird cages advisable for layers.
Birds are usually housed in wire cages with two or three animals per cage, depending on the species and breed, and three or four tiers of cages lay over each other to save space. Cages for egg-laying birds have been found to increase production, lower mortality, reduce cannibalism, lower feeding requirements, reduce diseases and bacterial attacks, and reduce both space and labor requirements.
To run a poultry farm business, you would need some poultry equipment. Your choice of equipment will be determined by the rearing system that you choose.
Below is some equipment you would certainly need:
- Chick box
- Egg scale
- Egg tray
- Egg washer
- Fly tray
- Heaters or brooders
- Laying nests
- Ventilation fan
Feeding is the most important part or cost of poultry farming. It is possible to formulate your feeds or buy from established companies.
Just have in mind that the birds will have to eat almost always and so should be an important inclusion in drafting your cost of running a poultry farming business.
Consider that the birds will almost always need to be medicated and or given other vaccinations to enable them to stay healthy following the fact that birds are prone to disease and a little space for it to gain entrance can destroy the entire farm. As such, must be given maximum medical attention.
Adding to this, it is pertinent to also have it at the back of your mind that the mortality rate of chickens is always, in most cases, very high. So, it is in your place to look out for signs of infections, flu, or any disease symptom and treat it immediately before it spreads to others.
3 Ways You Can Make Money With Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria
#1 Broilers For Meat
Nigeria happens to be one of the major consumers of chicken meat, and you can even find grill stands at every corner of the streets roasting chickens.
As such, you have a large market to sell your domestic birds. In fact, you don’t need to carry it around, with just a hint that there is a poultry farm around any vicinity, buyers will flood in and buy up every bird on your farm. So, your concern should be breeding more birds to make more money!
Some poultry farms do only concentrate on breeding layers instead of broilers. But if you choose to combine broilers and layers, it would be such a great idea.
However, according to statistics, laying chickens do lay 5 to 6 eggs weekly, depending on the age, breed, and seasonal changes. That is to say, if you are rearing 200 chickens for the purpose of egg-laying, then we are looking at 1,200 eggs laid weekly from these 200 birds. 1,200 eggs divided by 30 will total 40 crates.
Moreso, if that’s the case, that means you will be producing 40 crates of eggs every week. And this is another major way to make good money with the poultry farming business in Nigeria.
#3 Manure/Chicken Waste
Chickens excrete a lot of the time because they eat almost round the clock. Their waste is a source of nourishment for edible crops such as pumpkin leaves, waterleaf, corn, and what have you. Hence, you can make money from selling this waste product to farmers.
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